Lynber G. Micklay
Municipality of Tadian
Mobile Phone: 0921-548-3356
Ayyoweng di Lambak ed Tadian 2010
TADIAN, Mountain Province – The municipal government here awarded certificates to its barangays that have performed well in various areas of governance.
Masla was awarded as the best performing barangay with Kayan East, Banaao, and Pandayan as first, second, and third runners-up, respectively.
For the special awards, Masla was adjudged as the healthiest barangay along with having the best barangay peace and order committee. The cleanest and greenest barangay award was given to Lubon while Kayan East was hailed as the most child friendly barangay. The award for having the best established barangay office was shared by Kayan East and Masla.
The awarding of certificates to the best performing barangays by mayor Constito Masweng and vice mayor Febe Cawilan, was one of the highlights of the first Ayyoweng di Lambak ed Tadian Festival held last March 5-8.
Conducted for the first time in place of the usual town fiesta and on the occasion of the 50th year of the township of Tadian, the Ayyoweng di Lambak is “a ce-lebration and thanksgiving” showcasing various indigenous traditions, songs, chants, dances, sports, and games of the town.
The main highlights of the four-day festival were a street dancing, cultural presentation of the street dancers depicting indigenous practices such as sapo di baey (house building), sapo di tapey (rice wine making); bewew (guarding palay from birds), a synchronized dancing of the takik by the 19 barangays, and an agro-industrial fair.
The search for the muse was also done differently. Dubbed as “Anap di Bangan di Tadian,” the contestants were tested on their art skills such as in doing the salibi (native dance for the women) and doning the tapis. The question and answer portion also revolved around folktales and history of the municipality.
Adjudged as the Bangan di Tadian is Febe Talidtid, a fourth year high school student of Masla National High School.
Commissioner Domingo Bakilan of the National Commission on Culture and Arts, who was the guest speaker during the first day, congratulated the officials and the people of Tadian for coming up with such a festival even at this time of financial crisis. Culture and tradition of the cultural communities should be kept alive, with Ayyoweng a celebration and thanksgiving as depicted in its theme: “Masikom tako ay men-eyaman ya makigasing isnan sinumyaan di ili ta amed tako bumikas ya sumika.”
Tadian is the latest addition of the municipalities of the Mountain Province that have crafted their home-grown festivals to keep the culture and tradition, unity, and community cooperation alive in the hope of attracting tourists to enhancing socio-economic development.
The name of the municipality, Tadian, is basically derived from the Ilocano word “Tadi” meaning the spur-like projection that grows at the hind of each foot of a matured cock which it uses as a weapon during combat with another cock. This modern time of “tadi” has come to refer also to a razor sharp piece of 5 inches metal attached to a game cock’s foot for it to use in cock fight. With the affix “an”, Tadian literally means to fix a “tadi” to the cock’s feet.
Creation of Municipality
History has it that in 1903, Tadian was just a barrio with a recorded population of 56. It functioned as a barrio or barangay of Kayan, which was at that time the seat of the municipal government for a long time. On March 29, 1959, Congressman Luis Hora authored a bill which became Republic Act 2101, transferring the site of the “municipio” from Kayan to Tadian. This paves the way to Tadian in becoming a regular municipality on June 25, 1963 under Executive Order (E.O.) No, 42. Kayan became a barangay of Tadian and at present, was divided into two barangays, namely; Kayan East & Kayan west.
Historical Roles of Tadian Municipality
Tadian is the center of high school education of western Mountain Province from the pre- war times up to the present. History tells that the Holy Rosary High School in Kayan is among the first established high school in the province where its first graduates came from the different municipalities of Bontoc namely: Tadian, Bauko, Sabangan, Besao and Sagada. The establishment of Tadian School of Art and Trades, the first trade school established in the province saw the presence of enrollees from the different municipalities.
At present, Tadian still enjoys its role as the center of education of the west, because of the presence of College in the locality, the Engineering Department of Mountain Province State Polytechnic College that offers engineering courses, education and Masteral courses.
Tadian is the gateway to the Ilocos provinces. While it is the education center of the west, it plays also the role as the market place of the people of the nearby towns of the Ilocos Provinces such as the municipality of Cervantes and Quirino municipality of Ilocos Sur. Tadian also is fast rising as banana supplier of the municipality of Bauko and Buguias, Benguet while not declining on its livestock and vegetables supplies.
The municipality of Tadian is geographically located in the south western part of Mountain Province, on coordinates 16’45” latitudes and 120’5” longitude. It is abouts 38 kms and 127 kms form Bontoc, the capital town and Baguio City respectively. It is bounded on the west by the Province of Ilocos Sur (Cervantes municipality), on the east by the municipality of Bauko, on the south by the Province of Benguet (Mankayan municipality) and on the north by municipality of Besao.
It is accessible to Baguio City by land transport through the Halsema Highway, also known as Mountain Trail that passes through the Province of Benguet. It is also accessible to the lowland region through the historical Bessang Pass that passes through the Province of Ilocos Sur.
There are 19 barangays comprising the municipality that are divided into three zones, namely;
– The central part, consist of barangays Poblacion, Kayan East, Kayan West, Bunga, Balaoa and Tue.
– Called the “Sulumabado” derived its name from barangays Sumadel, Lubon, and Masla. Other barangays are Duagan, Mabalite, Bantey and Batayan.
– Called the “Sunnyside” or Demang in the local vernacular is famous of its Gawaan Lake, which is situated near the foot of Mt. Clitoris or the so-called Mogaw hill. Barangays consisting this zone are Banaao, Pandayan, Cadad-anan, Lenga, Dacudac and Cagubatan, where the famous enchanted eel is found.
The municipal public market of Tadian is located at the Poblacion.
Tadian municipality has an approximately land area of 14.942 hectares or 149.42 square kilometers. This area represents 6.52% and the sixth largest of the entire land area of the province.
Table 3 showed that of the 19 barangays of the municipality, barangay Mabalite has the largest area of 11.30 hectares or 7.56 % of the municipal area, while the smallest is Tue with an area of 469 hectares or 3.14% of the municipal area.
Tadian is the education center of the west and the gateway to the Ilocos provinces. It is also the market place of the people of the nearby Ilocos Sur towns of Cervantes and Quirino.
Places to See
Location and Topography
The town is generally mountainous with general slopes of over 18%. Its elevation ranges from 440 to 2,113 m. above sea level. The Poblacion has a general elevation of 1,340 m. above sea level. Tadian has two major rivers that both drain to the Abra River. The Abit River drains the southeastern portion while the Decapeo River drains the northwest portion.
How to Get There
Distances (Tadian to):
Tadian is also accessible to the lowland region through the historical Bessang Pass that passes through Ilocos Sur.